erl473691f3_online.jpg (88.17 kB)

The high frequency magnetic field measurements from ~5 kHz–40 MHz near Rustrel (RST) show that the second positive lightning discharge (upper panel) exhibits resonant type oscillations with a period of ~3.8 μs (~260 kHz) lasting for ~9 cycles over ~34.2 μs (lower panel) attributed to a bouncing-wave discharge

Download (0 kB)
figure
posted on 13.08.2013 by Martin Füllekrug, Ferruccio Zanotti, William Rison, Michel Parrot, Alec Bennett, József Bór, Thomas Farges, Ondrej Santolik, Ivana Kolmasova, Enrico Arnone

Figure 3. The high frequency magnetic field measurements from ~5 kHz–40 MHz near Rustrel (RST) show that the second positive lightning discharge (upper panel) exhibits resonant type oscillations with a period of ~3.8 μs (~260 kHz) lasting for ~9 cycles over ~34.2 μs (lower panel) attributed to a bouncing-wave discharge.

Abstract

The acceleration of electrons results in observable electromagnetic waves which can be used for remote sensing. Here, we make use of ~4 Hz–66 MHz radio waves emitted by two consecutive intense positive lightning discharges to investigate their impact on the atmosphere above a thundercloud. It is found that the first positive lightning discharge initiates a sprite where electrons are accelerated during the exponential growth and branching of the sprite streamers. This preconditioned plasma above the thundercloud is subsequently exposed to a second positive lightning discharge associated with a bouncing-wave discharge. This discharge process causes a re-brightening of the existing sprite streamers above the thundercloud and initiates a subsequent relativistic electron beam.

History

Licence

Exports

Read the peer-reviewed publication

Logo branding

Licence

Exports