Schematic layout of the chicane used in the ESASE scheme for bunch compression
Figure 9. Schematic layout of the chicane used in the ESASE scheme for bunch compression.
The generation of an isolated attosecond pulse at 0.1 nm has been proposed in an ESASE scheme where an 800 nm, 5 fs FWHM carrier-envelop-phase stabilized laser is employed in the 10 GeV Pohang accelerator laboratory—x-ray free electron laser (PAL-XFEL). The radio-frequency (RF) phase effect has been studied on the current profile after the chicane and on the x-ray radiation power at 50 m along the undulator. This study leads to the tolerance in the RF phase. The results show that a single isolated attosecond radiation pulse could be produced inside the undulator; however, the RF phase should be controlled down to 0.05° in the linac section of the PAL-XFEL in order to satisfy the requirement for RF jitters suitable for pump–probe experiments.