Rate coefficients of ionization and recombination of W23 + to W46 +
Figures are generally photos, graphs and static images that would be represented in traditional pdf publications.
Figure 10. Rate coefficients of ionization and recombination of W23 + to W46 +. Each plot shows the ionization rates of (a) W23 + to W34 + and (b) W35 + to W46 + and the recombination rates of (c) W23 + to W34 + and (d) W35 + to W46 +.
The fractional ion abundance and rates of ionization and recombination of multiple charged tungsten ions in magnetic fusion plasmas are investigated using a collisional radiative model. Using a computer algorithm to generate a set of atomic states to be included in the collisional radiative model, the dominant dielectronic recombination and excitation autoionization channels are determined by a systematic convergence analysis of the level population and ion abundance with respect to the size of the model. The atomic data, such as energy levels and rates of the radiative decay as well as autoionization, are obtained by the ab initio calculation using the Hebrew University Lawrence Livermore Atomic Code. The calculations are carried out in the temperature range of 100 eV–5 keV, and the ratio between the abundances of W44 + and W45 + ions agrees well with an experimental result obtained without any artificial adjustment of the atomic rates.