Evolution of atom clouds with initial conditions in phase space very close to those that lead to the representative trajectories like that shown in figure 3(A)
Figure 7. Evolution of atom clouds with initial conditions in phase space very close to those that lead to the representative trajectories like that shown in figure 3(A). The first column corresponds to the initial conditions, the second column to a time evolution of 0.2 ms and the third to 6.2 ms. Note the different scales used in (a)–(c).
We characterize the semiclassical dynamics of dilute thermal atom clouds located in three-dimensional optical lattices generated by stationary optical Bessel beams. The dynamics of the cold atoms is explored in the quasi-Hamiltonian regime that arises using laser beams with far-off resonance detuning. Although the transverse structure of Bessel beams exhibits a complex topological structure, it is found that the longitudinal motion along the main propagation axis of the beam is the detonator of a high sensitivity of the atoms' motion to the initial conditions. This effect would not be properly described by bidimensional models. We show that an experimental implementation can be highly simplified by an analysis of the behaviour of the dynamical system under scale transformations. Experimentally feasible signatures of the chaotic dynamics of the atom clouds are also identified.