## ⓘ John von Neumann

John von Neumann was a Hungarian-American mathematician and physicist who contributed to many fields including:

- continuous geometry
- quantum mechanics
- statistics
- numerical analysis
- game theory
- economics
- ergodic theory
- set theory
- functional analysis
- computer science
- systems theory

He is generally regarded as a prodigy, polymath and one of the most important mathematicians of the 20th century.

He was a member of a group called the Martians. They were Hungarian immigrants to the US of extraordinary intellect. Others people in this group were Edward Teller, Paul Erdos, Leo Szilard and Eugene Wigner.

## 1. Noteworthy work

- His textbook on quantum mechanics is one of the first on this topic.
- Principles are included in every modern computer, tablet or phone.
- His game theory is considered one of the most important tools in competitive strategic management and is also of high importance in biosciences.
- He was one of the first proponents of artificial intelligence. He proposed the idea of self replicating machines. This is why a machine that can replicate itself is now commonly referred to as a Von Neumann machine.
- He is the designer of the Von-Neumann architecture, which is basic to nearly all computers today.
- Well known by computer scientists
- With Stanislav Ulam, he did some of the most important calculations in the Manhattan project.
- He worked at the Institute of Advanced Studies the same time as Albert Einstein, Kurt Godel and Robert Oppenheimer