Calculated (lines) and experimental (open circles) ratios of abundance between W44 + and W45 + measured by Nakano 
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Figure 4. Calculated (lines) and experimental (open circles) ratios of abundance between W44 + and W45 + measured by Nakano . The thick line (1) is the result from the present code with the same atomic model as that used for figure 3. Thin lines are from three different calculations in figure 6 of , using (2) ADPAK ionization and recombination data, (3) ionization data obtained from a configuration averaged distorted wave (CADW) calculation and ADPAK recombination data, and (4) CADW ionization data and ADPAK recombination data, which are modified to obtain agreement with experiments.
The fractional ion abundance and rates of ionization and recombination of multiple charged tungsten ions in magnetic fusion plasmas are investigated using a collisional radiative model. Using a computer algorithm to generate a set of atomic states to be included in the collisional radiative model, the dominant dielectronic recombination and excitation autoionization channels are determined by a systematic convergence analysis of the level population and ion abundance with respect to the size of the model. The atomic data, such as energy levels and rates of the radiative decay as well as autoionization, are obtained by the ab initio calculation using the Hebrew University Lawrence Livermore Atomic Code. The calculations are carried out in the temperature range of 100 eV–5 keV, and the ratio between the abundances of W44 + and W45 + ions agrees well with an experimental result obtained without any artificial adjustment of the atomic rates.