## (a) Thermal relaxation in a hybrid trap, (b), (c) and (d) shows the thermal relaxation in magnetic trap after the dipole trap has been kept on for 1 s, 500 ms and 200 ms respectively, (e) shows the thermal relaxation in the magnetic quadrupole trap only

2013-07-30T00:00:00Z (GMT) by
<p><strong>Figure 2.</strong> (a) Thermal relaxation in a hybrid trap, (b), (c) and (d) shows the thermal relaxation in magnetic trap after the dipole trap has been kept on for 1 s, 500 ms and 200 ms respectively, (e) shows the thermal relaxation in the magnetic quadrupole trap only.</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>We report the rapid accelerated thermalization of potassium (<sup>39</sup>K) atoms loaded in a magnetic trap, in the presence of a single dipole trap beam. More than an order of magnitude reduction in the thermalization time, to less than a second, is observed with the focused off-resonant beam occupying only 0.01% of the volume of the magnetic trap. A new method for testing for thermalization of relatively hot clouds is devised. The cold atoms are loaded from a magneto-optical trap (MOT) of <sup>39</sup>K that has gone through a compressed MOT and sub-Doppler cooling stage. The atoms are prepared in the magnetically stretched |<em>F</em> = 2, <em>m<sub>F</sub></em> = 2〉 state prior to loading into the hybrid trap. We also report a direct loading of <sup>39</sup>K atoms, prepared in the state |<em>F</em> = 1〉, into a single beam dipole trap.</p>