Integrated fluorescence along the atomic trajectory during the atomic passage through (a) Gaussian and (b) Π laser beam at different magnetic fields (given by numbers below each curve)
Figure 6. Integrated fluorescence along the atomic trajectory during the atomic passage through (a) Gaussian and (b) Π laser beam at different magnetic fields (given by numbers below each curve). Laser intensity is 4 mW cm−2 and radial atomic velocity 180 m s−1.
Experimental and theoretical analyses show the effect of laser beam radial intensity distribution on line-shapes and line-widths of the electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT). We used Gaussian and Π (flat top) laser beam profiles, coupling the D1 transition of 87Rb atoms in the vacuum cell in the Hanle experimental configuration. We obtained non-Lorentzian EIT line-shapes for a Gaussian laser beam, while line-shapes for a Π laser beam profile are very well approximated with Lorentzian. EIT line-widths, lower for Gaussian than for Π, show nonlinear dependence on laser intensity for both laser beam profiles. EIT amplitudes have similar values and dependence on laser intensity for both laser beams, showing the maximum at around 0.8 mW cm−2. Differences between the EIT line-shapes for the two profiles are mainly due to distinct physical processes governing atomic evolution in the rim of the laser beam, as suggested from the EIT obtained from the various segments of the laser beam cross-section.