10.6084/m9.figshare.1012076.v1
G Mazzucchi
L Lepori
A Trombettoni
Gap Δ versus <em>U</em> at <em>T</em> = 0 for different values of the interpolating parameter <em>a</em> and at half-filling (<em>n</em> = 1)
2013
IOP Publishing
tz
interpolating parameter
Dirac points
lattice configuration
superfluid properties
gap changes
honeycomb geometry
3 D lattices
exponent
lattice displays Dirac points
interpolation
interaction Uc
flux
gauge fields
2 D
superfluid gap
quantum phase transition
2013-06-24 00:00:00
article
https://iop.figshare.com/articles/_Gap_versus_em_U_em_at_em_T_em_0_for_different_values_of_the_interpolating_parameter_em_a_em_and_at_/1012076
<p><strong>Figure 5.</strong> Gap Δ versus <em>U</em> at <em>T</em> = 0 for different values of the interpolating parameter <em>a</em> and at half-filling (<em>n</em> = 1).</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>We study the superfluid properties of attractively interacting fermions hopping in a family of 2D and 3D lattices in the presence of synthetic gauge fields having π-flux per plaquette. The reason for such a choice is that the π-flux cubic lattice displays Dirac points and that decreasing the hopping coefficient in a spatial direction (say, <em>t<sub>z</sub></em>), these Dirac points are unaltered: it is then possible to study the 3D–2D interpolation towards the π-flux square lattice. We also consider the lattice configuration providing the continuous interpolation between the 2<em>D</em> π-flux square lattice and the honeycomb geometry. We investigate by a mean-field analysis the effects of interaction and dimensionality on the superfluid gap, chemical potential and critical temperature, showing that these quantities continuously vary along the patterns of interpolation. In the two-dimensional cases at zero temperature and half-filling, there is a quantum phase transition occurring at a critical (negative) interaction <em>U<sub>c</sub></em> presenting a linear critical exponent for the gap as a function of |<em>U</em> − <em>U<sub>c</sub></em>|. We show that in three dimensions, this quantum phase transition is again retrieved, pointing out that the critical exponent for the gap changes from 1 to 1/2 for each finite value of <em>t<sub>z</sub></em>.</p>